Mellon Collie and the Infinite Sadness

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Mellon Collie and the Infinite Sadness
Smashing Pumpkins - Mellon Collie And The Infinite Sadness.jpg
Studio album by
ReleasedOctober 23, 1995
RecordedMarch–August 1995
StudioPumpkinland, Sadlands, Bugg Studios, Chicago Recording Company, The Village Recorder
GenreAlternative rock, grunge, alternative metal, art rock
Length121:39
LabelVirgin
ProducerFlood, Alan Moulder, Billy Corgan
The Smashing Pumpkins chronology
Pisces Iscariot
(1994)
Mellon Collie and the Infinite Sadness
(1995)
The Aeroplane Flies High
(1996)
Singles from Mellon Collie and the Infinite Sadness
  1. "Bullet with Butterfly Wings"
    Released: October 24, 1995
  2. "1979"
    Released: January 23, 1996
  3. "Tonight, Tonight"
    Released: April 15, 1996
  4. "Zero"
    Released: April 23, 1996
  5. "Thirty-Three"
    Released: November 11, 1996
Alternate cover
2012 deluxe version cover
2012 deluxe version cover

Mellon Collie and the Infinite Sadness is the third studio by The Smashing Pumpkins, released on October 24, 1995 in the United Kingdom and a day later in the United States on Virgin Records. Produced by frontman Billy Corgan with Flood and Alan Moulder, the 28-track album was released as a two-disc CD and triple LP. The album features a wide array of styles, as well as greater musical input from bassist D'arcy Wretzky and second guitarist James Iha.

Propelled by the album's lead single, "Bullet with Butterfly Wings", it debuted at number one on the US Billboard 200 with first week sales of 246,500 units.[1] It spawned five more singles—"1979", "Zero", "Tonight, Tonight", the promotional "Muzzle", and "Thirty-Three"—over the course of 1996, and was certified diamond by the RIAA, equivalent to more than 10 million units sold,[2] and is one the best-selling albums in US history. Praised by critics for its ambition and scope, Mellon Collie and the Infinite Sadness earned the band seven Grammy Award nominations in 1997, including Album of the Year and Record of the Year ("1979"), as well as nine MTV Music Video Awards nominations, eight of which were for "Tonight, Tonight", including "Video of the Year". Not only did they all become hits on both mainstream rock and modern rock stations, but "Bullet with Butterfly Wings", "1979", "Tonight, Tonight", and "Thirty-Three" also became the band's first Top 40 hits, crossing over to pop radio stations.

The recording sessions saw a wealth of productivity: dozens of fully completed songs were cut from the album, and would turn up on later releases. A box set released in November 1996, titled The Aeroplane Flies High, compiled the promotional singles from the album, and featured approximately 30 fully completed songs from the Mellon Collie sessions which had not made the final cut for the album (including one track, "Pastichio Medley", which contained more than 70 short snippets of songs in various states of completion).[3] Both Mellon Collie and The Aeroplane Flies High later saw reissues which included even more tracks from the sessions.

Recording and production

After the 13-month tour in support of The Smashing Pumpkins' second album Siamese Dream (1993), Billy Corgan immediately began writing songs for the band's next record.[4] From the outset, the band intended the new record to be a double album, partly inspired by The Beatles' self-titled album.[5] Corgan said, "We almost had enough material to make Siamese Dream a double album. With this new album, I really liked the notion that we would create a wider scope in which to put other kinds of material we were writing."[6] Corgan felt that the band's musical approach was running its course, and wanted the band to approach the album as if it were its last.[7] Corgan described the album at the time to the music press as "The Wall for Generation X", a comparison with Pink Floyd's 1979 album, one of the highest selling and best known concept albums of all time.[8]

The band decided to forgo working with Butch Vig, who had produced the group's previous albums, and selected Flood and Alan Moulder as co-producers. Corgan explained, "To be completely honest, I think it was a situation where we'd become so close to Butch that it started to work to our disadvantage... I just felt we had to force the situation, sonically, and take ourselves out of normal Pumpkin recording mode. I didn't want to repeat past Pumpkin work."[6]

Flood immediately pushed the band to change its recording practices. Corgan later said, "Flood felt like the band he would see live wasn't really captured on record".[9] In April 1995, the band began recording in a rehearsal space, instead of entering the studio straight away.[10] At these sessions, the band recorded rough rhythm tracks with Flood. Originally designed to create a rough draft for the record, the rehearsal space sessions ended up yielding much of the new album's rhythm section parts.[4] Flood also insisted the band set aside time each day devoted to jamming or songwriting, practices the band had never engaged in before during recording sessions. Corgan said, "Working like that kept the whole process very interesting—kept it from becoming a grind."[6]

Corgan sought to eliminate the tension that permeated the Siamese Dream recording sessions. Corgan said regarding the problems with recording Siamese Dream, "[T]o me, the biggest offender was the insidious amounts of time that everyone spends waiting for guitar parts to be overdubbed. There were literally weeks where no one had anything to do but sit and wait." The band decided to counter idleness by using two recording rooms at the same time. This tactic allowed Corgan to work on vocals and song arrangements in one room while recording was done in the other.[6] During these sessions, Flood and Corgan would work in one room as Moulder, guitarist James Iha, and bassist D'arcy Wretzky worked in a second.[9] Iha and Wretzky had a much greater role in the recording of the album, unlike the prior albums.[11] James Iha commented about the recording sessions,

The big change is that Billy is not being the big 'I do this—I do that'. It's much better. The band arranged a lot of songs for this record, and the song writing process was organic. The circumstances of the last record and the way that we worked was really bad.[12]

Following the rehearsal space sessions, the band recorded overdubs at the Chicago Recording Company.[4] Pro Tools was used for recording guitar overdubs as well as for post-production electronic looping and sampling.[9][13] Wretzky also recorded numerous backup vocal parts, but all were cut except the one recorded for "Beautiful".[14] When the recording sessions concluded, the band had 57 completed songs which were up for contention to be included on Mellon Collie.[15] The album was originally going to have 32 songs, but this was cut back to 28 songs.[16]

Music

The songs of Mellon Collie and the Infinite Sadness are intended to hang together conceptually, with the two halves of the album representing day and night.[12] Despite this, Corgan has rejected the term concept album to describe it, and it was at the time described as more "loose" and "vague" than the band's previous records.[4][12][17] However, Billy Corgan has also said that the album is based on "the human condition of mortal sorrow".[18] Corgan aimed the album's message at people aged 14 to 24 years, hoping "to sum up all the things I felt as a youth but was never able to voice articulately."[4] He summed up by stating, "I'm waving goodbye to me in the rear view mirror, tying a knot around my youth and putting it under the bed."[4]

Musically, the album has been described as featuring alternative rock,[19][20] grunge,[21] alternative metal,[21] and art rock.[22] Its sprawling nature resulted in diverse music styles from song to song, contrasting what some critics felt was the "one dimensional flavor" of the previous two albums.[4] A much wider variety of instrumentation is used, such as piano ("Mellon Collie and the Infinite Sadness"), synthesizers and drum loops ("1979"), a live orchestra ("Tonight, Tonight"), and even salt shakers and scissors ("Cupid de Locke").[4][9]

All guitars on the album were tuned down a half-step in order to "make the music a little lower", according to Corgan. On some songs, like "Jellybelly", the first string was tuned down an additional whole step to C (referred to by Corgan as "the 'grunge tuning'"). There was a greater variety to the number of guitar overdubs utilized than on previous albums. Iha said, "[I]n the past, everything had to be overdubbed and layered—guitar overkill. That wasn't really the train of thought this time, although we did that too."[6] "To Forgive" consists of only one live guitar take, while "Thru the Eyes of Ruby" contains approximately 70 guitar tracks.[9] The various sections of "Porcelina of the Vast Oceans" were recorded at various times, with different instruments and recording setups, and were digitally composited in Pro Tools.[9] Corgan and Iha shared soloing duties; Iha estimated that the guitar solo duties were divided "half and half" on the record.[6]

Corgan has said that "For the solo in 'Fuck You (An Ode to No One),' I played until my fingers saw blood, You can't play a weak guitar solo in such a propulsive song. It's got to be attack-style." He explains this method by saying "... I put on the headphones and stand one foot away from the amp. I turn the amp up so loud that I literally have to play harder than the feedback, because if I stop playing even for an instant, the whole thing explodes."[23]

All but two songs on the album were written by Corgan. The closing track from the first disc, "Take Me Down", was written and sung by Iha, while the album's final track, "Farewell and Goodnight", features lead vocals by all four band members and, according to the BMI database, was written solely by Iha,[24] despite being credited on the album liner notes as being written by both Iha and Corgan. Iha wrote additional songs during the making of the album, but they did not make the final cut. Corgan said in a 1995 Rolling Stone interview, "[T]here are some B sides that James did that are really good. They just don't fit in the context of the album. And part of me feels bad. But over the seven years we've been together, the least uptight part of the band has been the music."[7]

Artwork

Jean-Baptiste Greuze's The Souvenir (left) and Raphael's Saint Catherine Of Alexandri (right), which formed the basis for the woman on the Mellon Collie cover

The iconic cover was created by illustrator and collage artist John Craig (b. 1944). The woman is a combination of two paintings – Jean-Baptiste Greuze's The Souvenir and Raphael's Saint Catherine Of Alexandri. Craig was also responsible for most of the art found in the album's packaging. It aimed to capture the grandeur and ambition of the album. Frank Olinsky, the art director, had originally only enlisted Craig for the illustrations within the liner notes and inner sleeve. The band had planned to work with a different artist to create a Victorian-esque cover, but the original artist demanded too much money.[25] When Craig offered to make an attempt, the band obliged. Corgan was keen to including celestial imagery and worked closely with Craig, sending him loose sketches usually by fax machine.[26] The deluxe reissue of the album includes many of Billy's original sketches.

Release, reception and legacy

Mellon Collie and the Infinite Sadness was released on October 24, 1995. The night before, the band played a release party show at the Riviera Theater in Chicago and took part in a live FM broadcast across the United States. The following week, Mellon Collie and the Infinite Sadness debuted at number one on the Billboard 200, an unusual feat for a double-disc album that cost over US$20.[27] The album was certified diamond by the Recording Industry Association of America.[28] Originally 5,000 vinyl triple LP (3xLP) copies were pressed. The vinyl edition has two additional tracks ("Tonite Reprise" & "Infinite Sadness") which are not included in CD and cassette releases. Later re-pressing led up to 23,000 pressed but unnumbered copies. In 2012, a remastered 4xLP vinyl edition was repressed.

Critical reception

Professional ratings
Review scores
SourceRating
AllMusic4.5/5 stars[29]
Entertainment WeeklyA[11]
The Guardian4/5 stars[30]
Los Angeles Times3.5/4 stars[31]
NME8/10[32]
Pitchfork9.3/10[33]
Q4/5 stars[34]
Rolling Stone3/5 stars[35]
The Rolling Stone Album Guide4/5 stars[36]
Spin8/10[37]

The album received critical acclaim. Christopher John Farley of Time called the album "the group's most ambitious and accomplished work yet". Farley wrote, "One gets the feeling that the band [...] charged ahead on gut instincts; the sheer scope of the album (28 songs) didn't allow for second-guessing or contrivance."[38] Time selected Mellon Collie and the Infinite Sadness as the best album of the year in its year-end "Best of 1995" list.[39] Entertainment Weekly gave the album an A rating; reviewer David Browne praised the group's ambition and wrote, "Mellon Collie and the Infinite Sadness is more than just the work of a tortured, finicky pop obsessive. Corgan presents himself as one of the last true believers: someone for whom spewing out this much music results in some sort of high art for the ages. He doesn't seem concerned with persistent alterna-rock questions of 'selling out', and good for him: He's aiming for something bigger and all-conquering."[11] IGN gave the album a score of 9.5 out of 10 and said, "As the band's magnum opus it single-handedly changed the face of Alternative Rock. That said, it's not just music, but a work of art."[40] The Music Box gave it all five stars and said, "Indeed, for all its melodramatic self-indulgence, Mellon Collie and the Infinite Sadness is one of the best double albums of new material to be released by anyone in a long time."[41]

Reviewer Jim DeRogatis praised the album as "one of the rare epic rock releases whose bulk is justified in the grooves", contending that Mellon Collie "may even match The Wall in its sonic accomplishments".[35] Mojo reviewer Ben Edmunds also praised the music. In his Consumer Guide, Village Voice critic Robert Christgau picked "1979" as a "choice cut", indicating "a good song on an album that isn't worth your time or money".[42]

Singles

The album spawned five singles. While Corgan considered issuing "Jellybelly" as the album's first single, he told Chart it was passed over in favor of "Bullet with Butterfly Wings" because "'Bullet's one of those songs where, you know, it's easy to sing along to and [he affects a drawl] ya gotta sell them records."[43] "Bullet" was The Smashing Pumpkins' first single to reach the Top 40 on the Billboard Hot 100, peaking at number 22. "1979", the album's second single, charted at number 12, becoming the band's highest-charting American hit.[44] The "Zero" single was released as an EP with six b-sides. All three of these singles were certified gold by the RIAA.[28] "Tonight, Tonight" and "Thirty-Three", the album's final singles, reached number 36 and number 39 on the Billboard charts, respectively.[44] While it was not commercially released as a single, the song "Muzzle" reached number eight on the Modern Rock Tracks chart and number ten on the Mainstream Rock Tracks chart.[44]

Accolades

Mellon Collie and the Infinite Sadness earned The Smashing Pumpkins nominations in seven categories at the 1997 Grammy Awards, the second-highest number of nominations that year.[45] The group was nominated for Album of the Year, Record of the Year ("1979"), Best Alternative Music Performance, Best Rock Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal ("1979"), Best Hard Rock Performance with Vocal ("Bullet with Butterfly Wings"), Best Pop Instrumental Performance ("Mellon Collie and the Infinite Sadness"), and Best Music Video, Short Form ("Tonight, Tonight") at the 1997 Grammy Awards. The band won a single award, for Best Hard Rock Performance with Vocal for "Bullet with Butterfly Wings"; it was the group's first.[46] In 2000 it was voted number 76 in Colin Larkin's All Time Top 1000 Albums.[47] Mellon Collie and the Infinite Sadness also ranked at number 14 on the 1995 Village Voice Pazz & Jop critics' poll, and 487 on Rolling Stone's 2003 list of The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time.[48] On April 1, 2019 Rolling Stone magazine ranked it 26th greatest Grunge album of all time.[49] To date Mellon Collie remains one the best-selling albums in United States history.

Track listing

Mellon Collie and the Infinite Sadness was intended as a two-record set. The CD and cassette versions of the album are divided into two discs, entitled Dawn to Dusk and Twilight to Starlight. The vinyl version, however, is divided into three records with six sides, entitled Dawn/Tea Time, Dusk/Twilight, and Midnight/Starlight. The vinyl release also features two bonus songs ("Tonite Reprise" and "Infinite Sadness"), and a completely rearranged track order. In 2012 the album was remastered and re-released as a 6 disc edition, with 3 bonus discs of music and a DVD and also on 4 Vinyl LPs which contained the regular CD track order instead of the original LP order.

All songs written by Billy Corgan, except where noted.

CD/cassette version/2012 vinyl reissue

The 2012 vinyl pressings suffered from inner groove distortion, especially on "Zero". Corrected pressings were issued in 2014 and 2015 but this was not publicly announced.[50] Reportedly you could mail the 2012 pressing to EMI to exchange for a corrected one.

Disc one – Dawn to Dusk
No.TitleWriter(s)Length
1."Mellon Collie and the Infinite Sadness" (instrumental) 2:52
2."Tonight, Tonight" 4:14
3."Jellybelly" 3:01
4."Zero" 2:41
5."Here Is No Why" 3:45
6."Bullet with Butterfly Wings" 4:18
7."To Forgive" 4:17
8."Fuck You (An Ode to No One)" (Listed as "An Ode to No One" on the original packaging) 4:51
9."Love" 4:21
10."Cupid de Locke" 2:50
11."Galapogos" 4:47
12."Muzzle" 3:44
13."Porcelina of the Vast Oceans" 9:21
14."Take Me Down"James Iha2:52
Total length:57:54
Disc two – Twilight to Starlight
No.TitleWriter(s)Length
1."Where Boys Fear to Tread" 4:22
2."Bodies" 4:12
3."Thirty-Three" 4:10
4."In the Arms of Sleep" 4:12
5."1979" 4:25
6."Tales of a Scorched Earth" 3:46
7."Thru the Eyes of Ruby" 7:38
8."Stumbleine" 2:54
9."X.Y.U." 7:07
10."We Only Come Out at Night" 4:05
11."Beautiful" 4:18
12."Lily (My One and Only)" 3:31
13."By Starlight" 4:48
14."Farewell and Goodnight"Iha[24]4:22
Total length:63:50

Original vinyl version

The UK pressings were limited to 2,000 copies and were numbered on the cover. Both the UK and US pressings had the lower frequencies compressed to conserve physical space (the same reason it has a different track listing). The corrected 2014 reissue pressings are of the highest quality with respect to the masters.[50]

Side one – Dawn
No.TitleWriter(s)Length
1."Mellon Collie and the Infinite Sadness" 2:52
2."Tonight, Tonight" 4:14
3."Thirty-Three" 4:10
4."In the Arms of Sleep" 4:12
5."Take Me Down"Iha2:52
Total length:18:20
Side two – Tea Time
No.TitleLength
1."Jellybelly"3:01
2."Bodies"4:12
3."To Forgive"4:17
4."Here Is No Why"3:45
5."Porcelina of the Vast Oceans"9:21
Total length:24:36
Side three – Dusk
No.TitleLength
1."Bullet with Butterfly Wings"4:18
2."Thru the Eyes of Ruby"7:38
3."Muzzle"3:44
4."Galapogos"4:47
5."Tales of a Scorched Earth"3:46
Total length:24:13
Side four – Twilight
No.TitleLength
1."1979"4:25
2."Beautiful"4:18
3."Cupid de Locke"2:50
4."By Starlight"4:48
5."We Only Come Out at Night"4:05
Total length:20:26
Side five – Midnight
No.TitleLength
1."Where Boys Fear to Tread"4:22
2."Zero"2:41
3."Fuck You (An Ode to No One)"4:51
4."Love"4:21
5."X.Y.U."7:07
Total length:23:22
Side six – Starlight
No.TitleWriter(s)Length
1."Stumbleine" 2:54
2."Lily (My One and Only)" 3:31
3."Tonite Reprise" 2:40
4."Farewell and Goodnight"Iha[24]4:22
5."Infinite Sadness" 3:47
Total length:17:14

2012 CD/DVD reissue

As part of EMI Music's extensive reissue campaign, a special edition of the album was released on December 4, 2012. The 5-CD disc set consists of 64 bonus tracks of previously unreleased material, demos and alternate versions of Mellon Collie era songs—including full versions of tracks notably featured as parts of the "Pastichio Medley" from the Zero EP—as well as six new mixes of original album songs.

The package also includes a DVD consisting of footage from two live shows: Tracks 1–11 taken from the group's concert of May 15, 1996 at the Brixton Academy in London, England, originally filmed by MTV Europe, and tracks 12–15 from their show of April 7, 1996 at the Philipshalle in Düsseldorf, Germany that was filmed by the German TV show Rockpalast. The bonus content and special features were curated from the band's archives by Corgan, and have been remastered from the original master tapes by Bob Ludwig.[51]

2012 Reissue bonus CD 1: Morning Tea
No.TitleWriter(s)Length
1."Tonight, Tonight" (Strings Alone mix) 2:41
2."Methusela" (Sadlands demo) 4:08
3."X.Y.U." (Take 11) 7:11
4."Zero" (Synth mix) 2:46
5."Feelium" (Sadlands demo) 4:21
6."Autumn Nocturne" (Sadlands demo) 1:30
7."Beautiful" (Loop version) 5:07
8."Ugly" (Sadlands demo) 2:47
9."Ascending Guitars" (Sadlands demo) 3:12
10."By Starlight" (Flood rough) 4:31
11."Medellia of the Gray Skies" (Take 1) 3:04
12."Lover, Lover" (Arrangement 1 demo, listed as "Lover")Iha3:46
13."Thru the Eyes of Ruby" (Take 7) 5:49
14."In the Arms of Sleep" (Early Live demo) 3:50
15."Lily (My One and Only)" (Sadlands demo) 3:19
16."1979" (Sadlands demo) 4:04
17."Glamey Glamey" (Sadlands demo) 3:05
18."Meladori Magpie" 2:44
19."Mellon Collie and the Infinite Sadness" (Home Piano version) 2:45
20."Galapogos" (Instrumental/Sadlands demo) 3:54
21."To Forgive" (Sadlands demo) 3:46
2012 Reissue bonus CD 2: High Tea
No.TitleLength
1."Bullet with Butterfly Wings" (Sadlands demo)4:34
2."Set the Ray to Jerry" (vocal rough)4:12
3."Thirty-Three" (Sadlands demo)4:03
4."Cupid de Locke" (BT 2012 mix)3:13
5."Porcelina of the Vast Oceans" (Live Studio rough)9:05
6."Jellybelly" (Instrumental/Pit mix 3)3:05
7."The Aeroplane Flies High (Turns Left, Looks Right)"8:32
8."Jupiter's Lament" (Barbershop version)2:41
9."Bagpipes Drone" (Sadlands demo)2:38
10."Tonight, Tonight" (Band Version Only, No Strings)4:15
11."Knuckles" (Studio outtake)3:09
12."Pennies"2:30
13."Here Is No Why" (Pumpkinland demo)3:51
14."Blast" (Fuzz version)2:56
15."Towers of Rabble" (Live)2:57
16."Rotten Apples"3:05
17."Fun Time" (Sadlands demo)4:32
18."Thru the Eyes of Ruby" (Acoustic version)4:55
19."Chinoise" (Sadlands demo)1:13
20."Speed"3:25
2012 Reissue bonus CD 3: Special Tea
No.TitleWriter(s)Length
1."Mellon Collie and the Infinite Sadness" (Nighttime version 1) 1:15
2."Galapogos" (Sadlands demo) 4:25
3."Cherry" (BT 2012 mix) 4:22
4."Love" (Flood rough) 4:21
5."New Waver" (Sadlands demo) 2:44
6."Fuck You (An Ode to No One)" (Production Master rough) 4:58
7."Isolation" (BT 2012 mix)Ian Curtis, Peter Hook, Stephen Morris, Bernard Sumner4:04
8."Transformer" (Early mix) 3:27
9."Dizzle" (Sadlands demo) 2:18
10."Goodnight" (Basic Vocal rough)Iha3:55
11."Eye" (Soundworks demo) 3:34
12."Blank" (Sadlands demo) 2:52
13."Beautiful" (Instrumental-Middle 8) 4:15
14."My Blue Heaven" (BT 2012 mix)Walter Donaldson, George Whiting3:18
15."One and Two"Iha3:45
16."Zoom" (7 ips) 2:43
17."Pastichio Medley" (Reversed extras)Chamberlin, Corgan, Iha, Wretzky0:43
18."Marquis in Spades" (BT 2012 mix) 3:14
19."Tales of a Scorched Earth" (Instrumental/Pit mix 3) 3:47
20."Tonite Reprise" (Version 1) 2:36
21."Wishing You Were Real" (Home demo) 3:07
22."Thru the Eyes of Ruby" (Pit mix 3) 0:45
23."Phang" (Sadlands demo) 2:30
2012 reissue bonus DVD: 1–11 Live at Brixton Academy 1996-05-15; 12–15 Live at Rockpalast 1996-04-07
No.TitleLength
1."Tonight, Tonight" 
2."1979" 
3."Zero" 
4."Here Is No Why" 
5."To Forgive" 
6."Thru the Eyes of Ruby" 
7."Porcelina of the Vast Oceans" 
8."Jellybelly" 
9."Silverfuck" 
10."Disarm" 
11."Bullet with Butterfly Wings" 
12."Fuck You (An Ode to No One)" 
13."Muzzle" 
14."Cherub Rock" 
15."X.Y.U." 

Release history

Released Label Catalog ID Format Country Discogs MusicBrainz
October 23, 1995 Virgin 7243 8 40861 4 5 2×Cassette US 4940523 17998116-379e-488c-b1c5-ef3b386294fa [1][2]
October 23, 1995 Virgin • Hut Recordings 7243 8 40864 2 8 • CDHUTD 30 2×CD UK & Europe 367837 15cf95c2-bbe6-37cc-8a61-c5d5116b267a [1][2]
October 24, 1995 Virgin 7243 8 40861 2 1 2×CD Canada 1813283 cc8a0f30-286b-4987-9ea0-a247b54d26ce [1][2]
October 24, 1995 Virgin 7243 8 40861 2 1 2×CD US 6489201 e4c0a2dc-49cb-382b-9bb3-a40d09669583 [1][2]
October 25, 1995 Virgin • Hut Recordings 7243 8 40864 2 8 • 8408642 • CDHUTD 30 2×CD Australia 13187524 1af599c9-0b44-3a5a-a06b-39e8db6b2b4e [1][2]
1995 Virgin 7243 8 40864 2 2 • 8408654 • 8408664 2×Cassette Australia 11831273 [1][2]
April 29, 1996 Virgin • Hut Recordings 7243 8 41655 1 2 • HUTTLP 30 3×LP (limited / numbered) UK & Europe 788491 bc3a5888-39b4-39d4-a10e-cc1b5309ba6a [3][4][5][6][7][8]
1998 Virgin • Hut Recordings 7243 8 41655 1 2 • HUTTLP 30 3×LP (limited / repress) Europe 5976438 [3][4][5][6][7][8]
November 30, 2012 Virgin Digital Worldwide a2a4aa4d-bb86-404e-8268-77b31081054b [1][2][9][10][11]
December 4, 2012 Virgin 5099997855323 2×CD US 9040575 51367f4f-20ee-4624-a204-416492170e5a [1][2]
December 4, 2012 Virgin 5099997855316 4×12" US & Canada 4082874 7f422ec9-5a07-4218-bc86-e09ed9edb236 [1][2]
December 4, 2012 Virgin 5099997852421 5×CD • DVD US 4948184 c9e8e259-08de-4e11-bf09-f2470d93c76a [1][2][9][10][11][12]

More releases: DiscogsMusicBrainz

Personnel

The Smashing Pumpkins

Additional musicians

Technical

  • Roger Carpenter – technical assistance
  • John Craig – illustration
  • Flood – production, mixer
  • Andrea Giacobbe – photograph
  • Barry Goldberg – additional vocal recording, mixing assistance
  • Adam Green – technical assistance
  • Dave Kresl – string recording assistance
  • Tim "Gooch" Lougee – technical assistance
  • Guitar Dave Mannet – technical assistance
  • Jeff Moleski – technical assistance
  • Alan Moulder – production, mixer
  • Frank Olinsky – art direction and design
  • Claudine Pontier – recording assistance
  • Audrey Riley – string arrangement on "Tonight, Tonight"
  • Chris Shepard – recording
  • Russ Spice – technical assistance
  • Howie Weinberg – mastering
  • Bob Ludwig – mastering (2012 remaster)[52]

Charts and certifications

Certifications

Region Certification Certified units/sales
Australia (ARIA)[75] 4× Platinum 280,000^
Belgium (BEA)[78] Platinum 50,000*
Canada (Music Canada)[79] Diamond 1,000,000^
Denmark (IFPI Denmark)[80] Platinum 50,000^
France (SNEP)[81] 2× Gold 200,000*
Germany (BVMI)[82] Gold 250,000^
Greece (IFPI Greece)[83] Gold 30,000^
Japan (RIAJ)[84] Gold 100,000^
Netherlands (NVPI)[85] Gold 50,000^
New Zealand (RMNZ)[86] Platinum 15,000^
Norway (IFPI Norway)[87] Gold 25,000*
Spain (PROMUSICAE)[88] Gold 50,000^
Sweden (GLF)[89] Gold 50,000^
United Kingdom (BPI)[90] Platinum 300,000^
United States (RIAA)[91] Diamond 5,000,000^

*sales figures based on certification alone
^shipments figures based on certification alone

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